Friday, November 4, 2016

Climate-smart agriculture not an oxymoron


“Is climate-smart agriculture [CSA] an oxymoron?”, Lisa Schipper, a researcher, questioned in regard to a new farming concept outlined in the 5th Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum in Sri Lanka recently.

The concept of CSA was invented by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2010 to sustainably increase productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduce/remove greenhouse gases (mitigation) and enhance national food security and development goals.

The concept has been introduced with a more sophisticated political approach, through a new initiative called the Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture. In a new twist, the Global Alliance provides for new ways of green washing “climate-smart” industrial agriculture, with the active involvement of private corporations such as Syngenta, Yara, Kellogg’s and McDonald’s.

The scheme may let agriculture remain a parking lot for poor farmers in Africa and South Asia, but it should not to be continued in the ASEAN region.

Monday, October 3, 2016

Investment planning for energy-agriculture nexus




15th WREC (World Renewable Energy Congress) took place at the Jakarta International Convention Center in Indonesia on 19-23 September alongside the Indonesia Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation Summit 2016. It was attended by 457 participants, comprising Indonesians and foreigners from 68 countries. As many as 122 scientific papers on renewable energy are presented at the congress. Some of them are discussing energy-agriculture nexus through bioenergy, geothermal and solar. Participants from Indonesia gained knowledge and network about business, policy and technological developments in the energy-agriculture sector, from from overseas businessmen and experts in the congress.

Renewable energy interventions in an agriculture-food enterprise include the introduction of renewable energy technologies or of energy efficiency measures, which can result in improvement in energy intensity. Each step of agriculture value chain presents different challenges to ensure that the relevant energy services are provided efficiently, cost effectively and minimizing the reliance on the fossil fuel market. Applying the value chain approach, it becomes evident how the value of food products tend to increase as more processing occurs and more inputs (energy, water, packaging materials) are consumed. The energy interventions considered span from solar-power irrigation systems to cooling and cold storage facilities, and from the use of residues for energy production to geothermal energy for food processing. These concepts were explored in the WREC.

Thursday, September 15, 2016

Adaptation with respect to water resources




Java is being most heavily populated but having a small percentage of the Indonesia’s water, the island is predicted to face a clean water crisis. Java has less than 10 percent of the country's water, whereas more than 140 million people live on the island, nearly 60 percent of the country's population. The 2015 estimation by Robert Wahyudi Triweko, an expert on engineering and the management of water resources, disclosed that water demand on Java reached 164.672 million cubic meters per year, while the availability of water was only 30.569 million cubic meters per year, leaving a big deficit gap of 134.103 million cubic meters per year. Meanwhile, Kalimantan has 30 percent of Indonesia's water and only inhabited by six percent of Indonesia's population.

Water demand increase is triggered by urbanization. At the same time, it is also affected by climate change. It is started from sea level rise and increasing rainfall, as well as higher peak flood runoff which affected by urbanization. Those occurences increase flood volume in wider risk area. Finally, it becomes new problem which is increasing flood damage in more houses which builded due to urbanization. Therefore, improvements in water management and related infrastructure are important for solving the problems which threatening future economic success. 

Monday, August 29, 2016

Risma dan pembangunan-berkelanjutan



Kondisi yang membutuhkan pembangunan strategis

Seiring dengan mendekatnya Pemilihan Gubernur (Pilgub) DKI Jakarta 2017, perhatian publik yang digiring media terhadap topik ini pun semakin meningkat. Tak Cuma partai politik (parpol), aliansi masyarakat sipil beserta sejumlah organisasi pun turut serta meramaikan bahasan ini dengan mengusung sejumlah calon. Hal ini semakin menjadi-jadi setelah Basuki Tjahja Purnama (Ahok), calon incumbent, menetapkan untuk maju melalui jalur parpol. Keputusan ini membuat sejumlah pihak yang tidak menginginkan Ahok sebagai gubernur lagi, menjadi cemas dan langsung ribut memaksa calon lain yang tak kalah kuat, salah satunya adalah Tri Rismaharini (Risma), Walikota Surabaya saat ini yang berprestasi.

Sejumlah seruan dan bujukan untuk Risma menjadi calon gubernur Jakarta sontak menggeliat dimana-mana. Mulai dari masyarakat sipil, warga Kelurahan Kalianyar, Jakarta Barat dan warga Jatinegara Ilir beberapa waktu lalu menggelar deklarasi mendukung Risma menjadi calon gubernur (Cagub) DKI. Alasan warga tersebut adalah karena ingin Jakarta dipimpin figur yang lebih merakyat dan mengedepankan dialog. Kemudian disusul oleh pernyataan sejumlah Alumni Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November Surabaya (ITS) yang juga menyatakan Risma pantas didukung untuk maju menjadi Cagub DKI melawan Ahok.

Tak cuma itu, media massa pun turut berkonspirasi menggiring berita seolah-olah Risma akan maju jadi Cagub DKI. Sebuah pidato Risma di Surabaya yang menyatakan permintaan maaf akibat ia tidak menghadiri sebuah acara di Surabaya, di-framing menjadi permintaan maaf untuk maju jadi Cagub DKI. Tampaknya media pun sangat memanfaatkan topik ini untuk meningkatkan popularitas portalnya.